Annual Report

Foreword by Gilles Massen

Chair of the GÉANT Board

2022 proved to be another year in which our community responded to the challenges of what many now call the “permacrisis”. Whilst our community exited the immediate threats of COVID19 with a return to the “new normal” of hybrid homeworking arrangements and a new conversation on how and how much travel should be done, new challenges rapidly arose with the new year.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine
in its horrible form, along with the economic sideeffects such as the developing energy crisis and supply chain issues, deeply affected the GÉANT community.
With Russian tanks crossing the border to Ukraine on 24 February 2022, our community woke up to the reality of one of our member NRENs, URAN of Ukraine, being under attack and at war. In collaboration with the Vietsch Foundation, GÉANT was able to set up a support system for the CEO, staff, and equipment of URAN immediately. This lessened the economic hardship of our colleagues in Ukraine and showed the level of communityspirit, friendship, and solidarity we value in our global community, which again and again proves to be not only one of our biggest strengths, but also an ongoing driver of our efforts. In this context, the removal of services to those organisations under sanctions proved to be as onerous as it was necessary.

Looking to happier moments, we could celebrate the first presential TNC conference in three years. TNC22 took place in Trieste, Italy and as a hybrid event welcomed over 735 participants to Trieste with another 500+ participants following the event online. Participants came from over 80 countries worldwide, proving again the significance of the conference to our European and global partners. During TNC22, and aligned with the European Year of Youth, we organised GÉANT’s Future Talent Programme. This programme equips students and young professionals with presentation skills and gives them the opportunity to share their ideas, projects, or research with the global research and education networking community.
The group of young people followed a tailormade programme organised by the GÉANT Learning and Development team and some students were able to present their research interest during the popular Lightning Talk session. In the same spirit as the European Commission initiative, GÉANT’s Future Talent Programme wants to put young people in the spotlight, empower them with new skills, competence, and knowledge, let their voices be heard, and help them build their network in our community.

November 2022 saw changes to the composition of the Board of Directors of GÉANT. I was honoured to be elected Chair of the Board, taking over from Andreas Dudler of SWITCH. Heidi FraserKrauss (Jisc) and George Konnis (CyNet) joined as new members following the stepping down as a Board Member of Kristina Lillemets of the University of Tartu, and the previous departure of Éric Durieux of RENATER.

Looking forward, our community is collaborating closely to be ready for what we call
internally “Fit for 2028”. In the changing landscape of European Union and national funding, as well as an evergrowing dynamic marketplace, how do we as a community ensure our position and continue to deliver seamless secure connectivity and access for the R&E networking community in Europe and beyond? We will also need to keep focusing on new compliance requirements introduced through new and comprehensive security legislation, starting with the impact of the NIS2 directive on our operations and resources. Overall, we are glad to see that GÉANT and the community of NRENs remains in high demand as a trusted partner in many of the important European R&E activities.
I am quite certain that 2023 will again be a very busy year for us.

We are glad to see that GÉANT and the community of NRENs remains in high demand as a trusted partner in many of the important European R&E activities. I am quite certain that 2023 will again be a very busy year for us.​

countries reached
eduGAIN federations
exabytes carried
eduroam authentications
0 BN

The highs and lows

Erik Huizer, CEO

2022, what a year!
Whilst it will always be remembered as the year Russia invaded Ukraine, I would like to focus on how proud I am of how we as a community stepped up to support our colleagues in URAN, the NREN of Ukraine, and how URAN successfully kept their network running despite such horrible circumstances. Geopolitics entered our community in 2022 and I remain sad that our connections with Russian and Belarusian R&E suffered as we implemented the EU sanctions. In an ideal world, and as a research and education networking community, we would of course prefer that geopolitics plays no part and that all researchers and students in the world can at all times collaborate with one another. The reality is different, and we all hope for peace as soon as possible.
Highlighting again how close our community is, we had our first in-person TNC again after the pandemic and it was truly wonderful to see colleagues and friends again. For the first time we ran a CEO-track bringing together the CEOs of 60 R&E networks from all over the world, further strengthening the web of trust between us and discussing the most important issues we are jointly facing. In Trieste we also launched the next-generation GÉANT network, fully funded by the European Commission. This new network, based on fibre and spectrum, allows us to provide a future-proof and resilient infrastructure to existing R&E collaborations as well as to future programs such as EuroHPC and the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
2022 was another successful year also for our Trust and Identity work: we successfully deployed six new services; InAcademia became self-sustaining in 2022 and saw a record 1000% increase in validations for users from the nine participating NRENs; and eduroam and eduGAIN continued to steadily grow with new NRENs participating and more user authentications – we reached 6.4 billion authentications for eduroam alone in 2022! Also, we are now a partner in a successful bid for the DC4EU project that will create pilots for the use of EIDASv2 and the European e-Identity Wallet for education and social security.
The OCRE project successfully finished, and the OCRE Framework services became available through the EOSC Future project in the EOSC Portal. Over 2021-2022 the yearly consumption rate within the OCRE Framework saw an increase of 45% on cloud services used by the R&E community. The OCRE Framework currently has over 800 R&E institutions as active users spread over 26 different countries, and still has a great growth potential for the coming years. In 2022 the OCRE Framework has been used to procure on behalf of 35 R&E Institutions, adopting the cloud funded by the European Commission. GÉANT has run 17 mini-competitions and multiple direct awarding procedures on behalf of these R&E institutions enabling them to consume approx. €10M worth of EC funding through the OCRE and EOSC Future projects.
At the end of 2022 we finished the GN4-3 project and started the GN5-IC1 project, the first project under our new FPA. The first round of the GÉANT Innovation Programme delivered a whole range of outcomes in early 2022 and proved impressive enough to continue with the programme in 2022 and to see again many new projects awarded.
Resourcing remained a challenge in 2022. There is still a huge shortage of talent and manpower that GÉANT is trying to cope with. Together with the NRENs we need to face this challenge to make sure we can deliver on our commitments and work is underway to address that.
Last year I expressed the hope that next year would be more positive for all of us. While 2022 was a positive year for so many reasons in the GÉANT community, I again express the hope that the near future brings peace for all our members and deeper collaboration for all of us.

I would like to focus on how proud I am of how we as a community stepped up to support our colleagues in URAN, the NREN of Ukraine, and how URAN successfully kept their network running despite such horrible circumstances.

The GÉANT Membership

The GÉANT Association is the collaboration of European NRENs (national research and education networks) delivering e-infrastructure and services to research and education. It comprises member NRENs and the GÉANT associates supported by the GÉANT organisation. The full list of Members, Associates & General Assembly representatives is available on the GÉANT website

Highlighting a

People-Focused 2022


Supporting URAN

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and a month of shock, staff displacement and network outage, URAN (the Ukrainian Research and Academic Network) regrouped and started looking at their activities and next steps.
The main goal defined was to keep the human network alive and try to patch and recover services where possible. Even though URAN’s 100Gb  connectivity to Poznan was down at the start of the war and the second 100Gb link out to Moldova experienced regular outages,
overall, the connectivity throughout 2022 was maintained and more stable than perhaps expected.

However, the majority of URAN’s userbase was no longer operational and URAN’s main user and largest R&E traffic generator Kharkiv Institute had to stop its exchange of data with LHCONE. In consequence, URAN was experiencing a serious cashflow deficit and was unable to pay salaries to staff.

In order to help URAN in this situation GÉANT took the initiative in April 2022 to establish a project with the Vietsch Foundation. This project supports URAN to survive the war, to maintain their human capital and operations where it is safe
, and to rebuild as soon as that is possible.
GÉANT and NRENs from across the globe donated to this project to:
  • Fund operational costs for URAN that are ongoing despite the war.
  • Cover URAN staff costs of living.
  • Replace network equipment that has been destroyed or lost during the war.

By the end of 2022, 80,443 was raised by the global community. 36,000 was redistributed to support URAN network operations and the cost of living of its team members.
The remaining funds will enable the implementation of other initiatives, for example the provision of additional electrical generator to ensure  uninterrupted power supply for the network, the supply of IT equipment to the displaced (within Ukraine) universities, and access to cloud services. Apart from financial support, the GÉANT community has been
providing support to Ukrainian universities to ensure secure data storage.

Throughout the year, we have been honoured to have URAN staff participating online in our events and the General Assembly, and as the GÉANT Association and its Board we stand committed to supporting URAN.

Post Pandemic

Our return to the “new normal”

Closing our office spaces in Amsterdam and Cambridge happened from one day to the next in March 2020. Following Dutch and UK government advice, we simply closed the spaces, asking staff to try and accommodate working from home and relying on our tools to allow us to stay in virtual contact.
I remember writing messages to staff about the next few weeks, writing for our website, advising on closed offices and more than anything… cancelling travel. Travel for work, travel for leisure, just one cancellation after the next. We were also all busy then getting those members of staff back home who found themselves on the wrong side of a travel ban, with flights being cancelled around the globe. At the time, we went into emergency mode business as usual came to a halt.

But how long did it take us? A week? Maybe two? In fact, it was remarkable how quickly the organisation settled into the inevitable uncertainty of a developing pandemic, glad to be able to work from home, glad to support science in their search for the knowledge about the virus and, eventually, the vaccine. We distributed chairs and monitors from the office and later set up a special allowance for furniture and equipment to allow staff to create a comfortable home office.

Working from home was an experience for our staff that some relished and others dreaded. For some it was a dream come true: no commute, a quiet environment, an easier worklifebalance.
Others struggled, as working from home also meant supervising schooling at home or sharing small space with family members also needing to work. And of course, for some, it was sheer loneliness.
And so, when 2022 came along and vaccines gave at least partial immunity to most, we all found ourselves re-evaluating our opinions about working again in an office environment.

During most of 2022, GÉANT encouraged staff to come back to the office, as long as they felt comfortable to do so it was necessary to rebuild the teams, allow newcomers to fully appreciate our culture, to socialise with each other and learn again from our interactions, inspiring each other by sharing ideas over coffee or while sitting together at lunch.

At the same time, there was a need to respect the new ways of working and the fact that some tasks and activities are simply more efficiently done in the generally quieter environment at home.
Conversations across our community kept taking place comparing the different approaches our partners had taken post pandemic to bring staff back into the office.

We commence 2023 looking again into how an optimal office environment needs to look like to ensure efficient work, interaction, and socialising, while striking the balance with the greater worklifebalance many staff members experience when they have the option to work some days a week from home.

It was remarkable how quickly the organisation settled into the inevitable uncertainty of a developing pandemic, glad to be able to work from home and glad to support science in their search for the knowledge about the virus and, eventually, the vaccine.



2022 saw the return of a live, facetoface TNC event with TNC22 held in Trieste, Italy, hosted by the Italian NREN, GARR. After an onlineonly event in 2021 and a cancelled event in 2020, this was a highly anticipated and welcome return for the GÉANT community’s favourite event, proving to be a wonderful week full of learning, sharing, and collaborating (as well as catching up with old friends and making new ones).
TNC22 attracted 735 participants to the live event, and a further 500+ participants followed sessions online, together representing 80 different nations and taking TNC to its biggest audience yet!

They all had the opportunity to watch 122 speakers deliver a total of 64 presentations. And everybody, in Trieste or online, took part on social media: we saw over 1,300 TNCrelated posts across social media, 106,000 impressions on the
@TNC_GEANT Twitter profile, and an estimated
reach of over 2 million impressions worldwide across social media.

As Erik Huizer commented in his closing remarks, “Every TNC is unique. New cities explored, new themes navigated, new friends made. TNC creates memories, and what we can always guarantee is that new memories are still to come.”

We look forward to creating new memories at TNC23!

Look back on the event in fuller detail here:
TNC22 opens with the ambition to Navigate the Unexplored
TNC22 continues into Day Two with Trust & Identity keynotes, Lightning Talks, and the NREN CEO Track

TNC22 closes after a great week of Face2Face reuniting




The GÉANT (GNx) projects are a fundamental element of the European e-infrastructure, providing users with unconstrained access to communication, computing, analysis, storage, applications, and other resources. In December 2022, the GN4-3 project ended, bringing to a close a 48-month GN4-3 Specific Grant Agreement that started in January 2019 and progressed through Periods 1, 2, and 3. GN4-3 itself succeeded GN4-2 and in turn GN4-1 – together forming a 68-month Framework Partnership Agreement that began in May 2015.
GN4-3 continued to provide excellence in networking services, enable integrated High-Performance Computing, and support open science, reinforcing Europe as a global research hub, whilst exploring the potential for new network services in areas such as Quantum Key Distribution and Data Plane Programming. The data demands of the research and education community are evolving faster than ever, and GÉANT’s flexible, agile, and long-term approach remains vital.

The GN4-FPA is succeeded by GN5-FPA, the 7-year strategic framework under Horizon Europe – the EU’s key funding programme for research and innovation – with the 24-month GN5-1 project beginning January 2023 and its sister project GN5-IC1 (see below).

View the achievements of GN4-3 in more detail


The GN5-IC1 project began on 1 December 2022. With a duration of 36 months, the project will plan and implement the first phase of a new intercontinental connectivity investment programme, with a focus on European digital sovereignty, security, and an approach based on collaboration and reciprocity with other world regions. In 2022, work in the project focused on the procurement of a new 100Gbps link to Singapore and planning for intelligencegathering and analysis to inform
decisions on future connectivity procurement activities.


GÉANT’s revolutionary nextgeneration network planned, procured, and being built under the ECfunded GN43N Project was launched to the community during the closing plenary of TNC22, by Chief Network Operations Officer Bram Peeters.
Thanks were given to the European Commission, the core project team, the implementation team, the architecture and procurement teams, the Network Infrastructure Advisory Committee (NIAC), and to the community, because this has been a truly joint effort.
Careful procurement savings have also enabled a significantly increased ambition for the project, with an additional eight countries being connected to the fibre/spectrum infrastructure compared to the original project proposal.
Lower operating costs and substantial improvements in energy consumption ensure the network will continue to support European research and education long into the future.
Work continues into 2023 with a project extension agreed with the EC until the end of December 2023.



2022 marked a year of significant progress in the procurement activities of the AfricaConnect3 project. In East and Southern Africa, contracts to upgrade the UbuntuNet backbone, aimed at benefiting Tanzania, Zambia, Uganda and Malawi, were awarded and procurement started to connect Botswana and Ethiopia. In West and Central Africa, market engagement work was carried out relating to links for Mali, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. In North Africa, deployment of a new 10Gbps link for Algeria was completed. ASREN and GÉANT also participated in discussions with the EC’s DG NEAR, the European Investment Bank, and AFRI for longterm endtoend highcapacity connectivity for NRENs and their users in North Africa from 2025.
Other key activities in 2022 were Donor Engagement and Advocacy efforts and a workshop on the direct and indirect impact of African RENs on UN SDGs aimed at raising the profile of African R&E networking. Additionally, GÉANT supported Identity Federations and delivered a TRANSITS I training in Eastern and Southern Africa. Work also included discussions with the EC for a nocost extension of the project to 15 November 2024, and the start of discussions to prepare for a fourth phase of AfricaConnect.

Eastern Partnership


Within the EaPConnect Project, the war in Ukraine and sanctions against Russia imposed by the EU were at the forefront of project actions in 2022. In observance of EU sanctions on Belarus,  BASNET’s participation in the project was ended and with it project support for connectivity between BASNET and GÉANT, though connectivity is maintained by BASNET. In the Southern Caucasus connectivity services for Armenia and Azerbaijan were reprocured in order to discontinue the use of circuits with Russian ownership.
The GÉANT Association and the Vietsch Foundation launched a project to raise funds to support URAN whereby funds donated by NRENs will provide financial support for URAN, support for staff
and help to replace equipment destroyed or lost by the war. Subsequently a collaborative working group within the GÉANT Community Programme was established to coordinate support activities for URAN. The 5th Eastern Partnership einfrastructures Conference (EaPeC) ‘Building Connections’ took place in Baku, Azerbaijan, in September 2022, the first inperson EaPeC since the start of the COVID19 pandemic.

Cable System

BELLA Programme

An independent EC review of the BELLAS1 project, which ended on 31 December 2021, was held on 3 March 2022, with positive feedback. GÉANT continued to manage the service contract with the EC for the provision of 100Gbps capacity to support Copernicus data transfers between Europe and Latin America for the lifetime of the BELLAS IRU, including a service review in November 2022.

Southern Partnership


Following the completion of the EUMEDCONNECT3 project at the end of 2021, Lebanon and Jordan continued the provision of connectivity using their own shortterm funding, and project reserve funds were used to enable the Association and ASREN to continue to provide support and continue dialogue with DG NEAR for further funding support.




Community Programme

At the start of the year, a new Community website was launched collating all information about ongoing projects, working groups, upcoming Infoshares, events and call for proposals, in one place. The process for the GÉANT Community Award was also improved, making it more engaging and transparent. As a result, the number of nomination submissions received increased by more than 50%, helping ensure due recognition for its members and their outstanding contributions. In June, the GÉANT Community Award was awarded to two winners, Tryfon Chiotis from GÉANT and Paul Dekkers from SURF.

In February, ten new projects in the areas of e-health, multimedia, cloud, networks, trust & identity, and education were awarded a total of €300K within the third edition of the GÉANT Innovation Programme. The programme has once more proven to be a unique opportunity to enable initial development, establish a proof of concept, or test ideas coming from the Community.

As the Russian invasion of Ukraine unfolded, the Community Programme came together to support URAN and its staff through a collaborative project funded by the Vietsch Foundation. Funds were collected to ensure URAN’s survival as an NREN and its staff’s cost-of-living expenses.

2022 was quite an active year for GÉANT Community Programme with enhancements to existing services and activities, and new or updated ones. We launched the new website, which depicts with more clarity the global picture on the Programme itself. We also successfully experimented the new way of handling the GÉANT Community Award process and ran the second edition of the GÉANT Innovation Programme, doubling the number of submitted proposals and affirming itself as a successful activity for the Community which was decided to continue every year. Last but not least, the Community Aid Action to support URAN in their difficult times proved that we are not just a bunch of fibres, devices, services but a group of people who support each in very severe situations!”

Claudio Allocchio,
Chair of the GÉANT Community Committee


GÉANT Learning and Development

Throughout 2022, GLAD continued to offer high quality learning programmes to meet the community’s needs. Face-to-face training was reintroduced in 2022 following the global pandemic, however most training took place virtually, as this enabled more people to attend. During the year GLAD ran 12 training programmes for 516 people from 38 NRENs. Development continued on GÉANT’s online learning platform, eAcademy, where new training modules were added in partnership with WP6 of the GN4-3 project: eight were on the theme of Network Automation, and the first module of a brand new training programme on Quantum Technologies was launched.

A record number of 18 students and young professionals were attracted to the Future Talent Programme (FTP) and given expert presentation training. Eight of these (another record) were awarded the opportunity to present their ideas at TNC22.

Another significant contribution was made in the field of onboarding. GLAD performed a review of how new joiners to the GN4-3 are onboarded, identifying good practice, and producing guidance for WP Leaders on how onboarding could be enhanced.



In 2022 and in coordination with the Partners Relations team, the GÉANT Community Programme organised 25 Infoshares – a series of online events aimed at engaging, improving knowledge sharing, fostering discussion, and strengthening the human network across the GÉANT Community. Although face to face events were back, Infoshares were still held online to enable worldwide participation and information sharing and saw the participation of 1,000 people in total.

Topics like Quantum Technologies, Quantum Key Distribution, In-Band Network Telemetry, eduMEET, Campus Network Management as a Service, and NIS2 Directive were among the most popular. Public and recorded Infoshares were then made available on GÉANT’s eAcademy platform, on the GLAD website and also via a dedicated playlist on the GEANTtv YouTube Channel. The publication of the recordings helped to increase the event reach, facilitated access to the content and its reuse, and provided more opportunities for engagement. On YouTube, the recordings collected over 1,500 views with a total watch time of over 160 hours.



The GÉANT network continued throughout 2022 to deliver excellent service and extremely high performance for all users, alongside the implementation of the nextgeneration network through the GN43N project. 

In 2022 the network carried 3.01 Exabytes of data, a 17% increase over 2021, as the R&E community came back to full speed. 

In November 2022 the network roadmap formed from network evolution workshops was presented at the second in a series of CTO workshops, setting out guidance for future developments.
Also, a baseline for energy usage monitoring has been established to allow for future upgrades and potential changes to be assessed in terms of their impact on energy consumption.
Whilst the GN43N project continues, planning has completed for the new packet layer renewal tender. And finally, 100Gbps private circuits are now offered to NRENs on the new FlexILS network.
The “GÉANT Managed Wavelength Service” will in time completely  replace the legacy Lambda service.

Data Carried

8 Petabytes

of data carried per day

Traffic Growth


increase in network traffic

Backbone Capacity

8 Terabits

per second capacity



average availability

User Communities


Together with our NREN partners, the Research Engagement and Support team continued
to support large panEuropean research groups and in 2022 efforts were focused on:

Further increasing the support to EUMETSAT, working towards a Single Point of Contact Service, and also expanding and improving the connectivity services.

Maintaining the commitment to enable access for the R&E community to the Copernicus data, working with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the commercial cloud providers hosting the data.

Increasing the collaboration with the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking (JU), with the aim of working together towards addressing the needs of the European Exascale program, including support to the Destination Earth program.

Supporting research in the field of Quantum Communication and Quantum Key Distribution,
by collaborating with international organisations, hardware vendors, and European NRENs.

Strengthening the collaboration with the LHC and SKA communities to support their very large datamovement needs.

Renewing the support to the ITER project and the new requirements they have expressed relative to their data movement needs.

GÉANT continues to hold key roles in the EOSC Association Board and the EOSC Future project, and together with our NREN partners remains in close contact with the EuroHPC governance.

Trust & Identity


In any human interaction, who you are and whether you can be trusted are fundamental. In our online interactions, Trust & Identity (T&I) services have become just as important, underlying mobile work and study, and the ability to access information and services from a range of sources. During COVID-19 lock-downs, the ability to maintain connections and collaborations remotely was a huge benefit to R&E. As the constraints of COVID ease eduroam has once again shown its worth to the community. In total  GÉANT’s T&I activities have in 2022 gone from strength to strength.


In 2022 the use of the eduroam WiFi roaming service increased by over 60% compared to 2021 as a result of the ending of most pandemic travel restrictions. eduroam registered a total of 6.4 billion national and international authentications, and NRENs around the world continue to expand access to eduroam in non-academic environments. For example, in Ireland, eduroam access was provided on Dublin bus services to support students, and in Edmonton, Canada, city-wide eduroam access was enabled.

eduGAIN and eduTEAMS

The eduGAIN interfederation service grew to 78 federations (from 74 in 2021) and over 7800 entities by the end of 2022. During the year, the eduGAIN Team focused on reinforcing the operational aspects of eduGAIN, by organising a new signing key for the eduGAIN feed, being one of the core trust components of the service, creating a dedicated eduGAIN helpdesk, formalising the eduGAIN secretariat and establishing a security team, which started operating in 2020. With the aim of streamlining eduGAIN tools, a new reporting tool for federation operators was deployed as well as a tool for statistics. eduTEAMS enables members of the research and education community to create and manage virtual teams and securely access and share common resources and services using federated identities from eduGAIN and trusted Identity Providers. eduTEAMS is the GÉANT implementation of the AARC Blueprint architecture. Since 2019 eduTEAMS has evolved into a versatile platform to deliver AAI services based on the AARC Blueprint Architecture. Initially focusing on research collaborations, eduTEAMS was adopted by 12 Research Infrastructures (RIs) including 3 out 5 EOSC clusters, representing 10s of RIs. Today, eduTEAMS is being used in the context of the European Open Science Cloud and European Research Infrastructures, National Infrastructures, NRENs, High Performance Computing and the Erasmus Student Mobility programme.


MyAcademicID makes it possible for higher education students participating in the Erasmus+ programme to authenticate and access their Online Learning Agreement (OLA) and the Erasmus+ App in a safe and secure way. This identity and access management solution – now maintained and improved via the EDSSI project - plays a fundamental role in the digitalisation of the administrative processes related to student mobility programmes. The MyAcademicID service has been pivotal in the rollout and support of the European Student Identifier (ESI), particularly via the implementation of the so called “IdP of last resort” functionality. A solution aimed at assisting students in 20 EU countries coming from 400 Higher Education institutions that did not support federated authentication through the national academic federations.

Student validation


Following the launch of InAcademia in February 2020, the service has grown significantly with over 2 million authentications processed. InAcademia leverages information from the higher education federation for identity, authentication and authorisation, eduGAIN, which provides an infrastructure used by thousands of institutions to enable their students and staff to authenticate with internal and external service providers. Validation is requested in real time, and the information is up-to-date as the affiliation of the user has been verified (by the academic institution). The service is now available in 12 countries across Europe and many are in the process of joining. There is now an established and growing revenue stream from services using InAcademia. It is intended that surplus income will be used to support GÉANT’s Trust & Identity services in the future.

Cloud Services


Service consumption via the GÉANT 2020 Cloud Framework breaks new records

2022 saw a vast expansion of the GÉANT 2020 Cloud Framework, delivered in conjunction with the ECfunded project OCRE (Open Clouds for Research  Environments) to facilitate and accelerate the adoption of commercial cloud services for research and education institutions across Europe. By the end of the year, the total consumption of cloud services via the framework has increased 45%. Now counting more than 800 institutions in 26 countries actively consuming public cloud services, the framework is expected to continue growing throughout 2023.

The Framework in numbers

% growth
consumption of commercial cloud services

framework services available in the portfolio
actively adopting the framework
actively consuming services via the framework


The impact of OCRE

The OCRE project came to a close in December 2022, delivering an outstanding impact on the European research and education community. Throughout the year, the project ran multiple open calls and mini-competitions, awarding funding for the consumption of Cloud and Earth Observation services to innovative research projects across several fields, from physics to e-health and archaeology. A series of case studies was published on the OCRE website to demonstrate how the funded projects benefited from using the framework. Winners of the OCRE funding calls were also interviewed to identify the needs of the research community and their experience with OCRE, and findings were published in a final policy brief summarising the challenges faced by researchers and the benefits of procurement via OCRE.

Finally, OCRE also worked with the GÉANT clouds team and with the EOSC Future project to expand access to the procured cloud services, by successfully integrating the service offering from all 26 participating cloud providers into the EOSC Marketplace.


Cloud community collaborations and support

Over the course of 2022, the GÉANT Clouds team widely focused on supporting and strengthening the NRENs’ national service delivery, competences, capabilities and on stimulating the adoption of services procured via the GÉANT 2020 Cloud Framework for NRENs and institutions. In order to do that, the team created and disseminated tools, guidelines, documentation and information bundles and operated an help desk for institutions and a business desk for suppliers.

The bi-weekly Forum with the community of NREN Cloud Service Delivery Managers continued throughout the year, accompanied by a high number of events and workshops, including regular SIG-CISS meetings, a Global Clouds forum involving NRENs all over the world and a new forum dedicated to Cloud Marcomms. Extended and regular collaboration with commercial suppliers also increased during the period, as well as with European Infrastructures and associations as EOSC and EUNIS.


Community-developed cloud offerings

eduMEET – the GÉANT open-source videoconferencing service – was further developed during 2022 also thanks to funding awarded via the GÉANT Innovation Programme, with the inclusion of new functionalities as drawOnMeet, which allows videoconference participants to draw on video stream, mingleMeet, an interactive and virtual meeting space where users can create groups, and VoDsync, allowing synchronous playback of high-quality videos. Additionally, the eduMEET team supported integration with PosEmo, a case study of non-verbal communication booster in web-conferencing. The service also expanded its user base, reaching adoption by 41 organisations in 19 countries, and was used during TNC22 for remote presentations of online speakers.
Following on from the release of the GÉANT Cloud Flow platform, the cloud offerings task focused on the release of the GÉANT Multi-Cloud platform, an open-source software package, enabling end users to provision cloud services from heterogeneous providers from a self-service portal. Both the GÉANT Cloud Flow and the GÉANT Multi-Cloud software packages were then made available in GitHub as open source software for public use.



The Crisis Management workshop


Around 70 representatives from various European NRENs and their affiliated institutions took part in the two-day CLAW event. On day one participants joined the workshops ‘How to deal with the media’, ‘How to make a good crisis analysis’, and ‘Leadership in Crisis’. After the theory session, they were invited to give a crisis interview in front of the camera in a simulated press conference and subsequently received feedback from the trainer and fellow spokespeople.
On day 2 an extensive simulation exercise took place, where participants were given the task to deal with a perfectly organised cyber crisis. They were divided into several groups that formed Guilren’s (a fictional research network) crisis team, each team consisted of technical experts,  communication specialists, a crisis coordinator, a CEO and an external observer.



The popularity of home-working and distance learning accelerated during the second year of the pandemic and the need for secure access to institutional services has been increasing across the community. GÉANT, together with support from RIPE NCC, the NLnet Foundation and the Vietsch Foundation continues to develop and support eduVPN.
The number of eduVPN instances grew considerably during the pandemic as people continue to work and study from home and need to access their university resources remotely.
19 regions now offer eduVPN services to provide secure, private internet access while working remotely and over 100 institutions offer dedicated institutional VPN gateways to allow access to secured services and resources. 



Security Training

2022 saw continued growth in the demand for security training in response to the increase in volume and severity of attacks. The GN4-3 Work Package on Security, WP8, worked to design and deliver courses for system and network administrators. The courses covered Operational Network Security and Vulnerability Management, were accessible to the entire GÉANT community, registered a high number of participants and received positive feedback across the board.
During 2022 WP8 expanded the ‘IT Forensics for System Administrators’, programme with further live online sessions  open to all GN4-3 participants, NRENs and participating organisations, as well as to the wider CERT community. This programme reflects the importance of  IT forensics when handling security incidents, an area in which administrators might not be sufficiently trained.
Due to the pandemic travel constraints, most original courses were restructured and redesigned to fit the online model and, to allow access to training material, all presentations have been made available for download without any restrictions. The downloadable content includes additional training and reference material for users interested in exploring the subjects further. In addition, all recorded sessions are available on YouTube.

Cyber Security Month

A Community of Cyber Heroes

The CSM22 campaign was created and coordinated by communications and security experts from Belnet, GÉANT, MARnet and SURF, under the auspices of WP8. 
The campaign included a programme of webinars held by security experts from industry and the wider GÉANT community and featured something new: the collaboration with RedCLARA, the Latin American space for collaboration and development in education, science and innovation giving CSM22 a truly global dimension. This collaboration included the availability of live interpretation services in three languages (English, Spanish and Portuguese).
The campaign content was varied, informative and comprehensive, including articles, interviews, opinion pieces, tips and technical papers, and targeted a different audience group each week in October: decision makers, cybersecurity professionals, home workers, students and researchers.

Here’s the campaign in numbers:

  • 25 NRENs and RRENs joined the campaign
  • 17 NRENs contributed with articles, blog posts, videos
  • 45 articles and blog posts on CONNECT
  • 169 original tweets


Financial Report 2022